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Info on Neosporin's Effects and Pediatric Indications

How Does Neosporin Work?

Neosporin ointment products contain three different antibiotics: neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, and bacitracin zinc. Some products also contain pramoxine, an external analgesic (pain reliever). The cream formulation does not contain bacitracin, as bacitracin is not stable in the cream. The first aid spray sold under the Neosporin name as "Neo to Go®" does not contain any antibiotics.
The inactive ingredients in Neosporin, especially in the ointment, serve to provide a moist healing environment. Contrary to the common belief that "airing out" a wound is best, a moist environment better promotes healing.
Although Neosporin is certainly a "tried and true" favorite, many healthcare providers now recommend using a first aid product without neomycin, as this particular ingredient can cause allergic skin reactions.

Neosporin Use in Children

Check with your healthcare provider before using Neosporin in a child under two years old (this is particularly recommended for the products that contain a pain-relieving ingredient). Never apply Neosporin inside a young child's nose, as young children are especially likely to develop pneumonia from accidentally inhaling it. Always keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.
Check with your healthcare provider before using Neosporin on a newborn. Newborns have immature skin that may allow more of the medication to be absorbed into the body, potentially increasing the risk of serious problems, such as hearing loss or kidney damage.
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