Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine medication that has several uses, such as treating itching and improving the effectiveness of opioid pain relievers. This prescription medication comes in various forms, including tablets, capsules, syrup, liquid, and injections. It is typically taken two to four times daily. Side effects are possible and may include dry mouth, drowsiness, and headaches.
What Is Hydroxyzine?
Hydroxyzine (Atarax®, Vistaril®) is a prescription medication commonly used to treat itching and to improve the effectiveness of opioid pain relievers, although it is approved for other uses as well.
Just like any medicine, hydroxyzine may cause side effects. However, not everyone who takes the drug will experience problems. In fact, most people tolerate it quite well. If side effects do occur, in most cases, they are minor and either require no treatment or are easily treated by you or your healthcare provider. Serious reactions are less common.
Some of the possible side effects include, but are not limited to:
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last reviewed by: KristiMonson, PharmD;
List of references (click here):
Atarax [package insert]. New York, NY: Pfizer, Inc.;2006 June.
Vistaril Capsules and Oral Suspension [package insert]. New York, NY: Pfizer, Inc.;2004 April.
Vistaril Intramuscular Solution [package insert]. New York, NY: Pfizer, Inc.;2001 October.
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed June 8, 2009.
Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 8th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2008.
National Library of Medicine (US). Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMED). NLM Web site. Available at: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT. Accessed June 8, 2009.
National Library of Medicine (US). Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB). NLM Web site. Available at: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB. Accessed June 8, 2009.
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