As a type of steroid, Decadron helps to treat various conditions, such as asthma, skin conditions, hormonal disorders, and leukemia, among others. It is available only by prescription and works by reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune system. There are also several off-label, or unapproved, uses for Decadron, including the treatment of amyloidosis, pharyngitis, and bone pain.
What Is Decadron Used For?Decadron® (dexamethasone) is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of medications called corticosteroids (or "steroids" for short). It is used to treat a wide variety of conditions.
Some of the conditions Decadron is approved to treat include:
- Allergic conditions, such as asthma, dermatitis, and allergic reactions
- Skin conditions, such as mycosis fungoides (a rare type of skin lymphoma, or tumor, of the blood), psoriasis, pemphigus (an autoimmune disease that causes blisters on the skin and mucous membranes), and severe allergic drug reactions
- Hormonal (endocrine) disorders, such as adrenal insufficiency, high blood calcium (hypercalcemia) from cancer, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia (a genetic disease of the adrenal gland)
- Leukemia and lymphoma (for relief of symptoms)
- Nervous system conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, and brain swelling (cerebral edema) associated with a brain tumor or head injury
- Eye conditions, such as uveitis, temporal arteritis, keratitis, and other inflammatory conditions of the eye
- Treatment of high urine protein (proteinuria) or to increase urine production in people with kidney problems or systemic lupus erythematosus
- Rheumatic diseases, such as gout, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus.
This drug is often used short-term to treat the conditions listed above, until symptoms improve or other treatments can control symptoms. Some people, however, need long-term Decadron treatment.