How Does Decadron Work?
Like other corticosteroids, Decadron
works by decreasing inflammation. It also suppresses the immune system by interfering with pathways in the body involved in immune response. Dexamethasone
, the active ingredient in Decadron, is similar to a natural hormone produced in the body.
When you take Decadron for a long period of time, your body slowly stops making this natural hormone. For this reason, Decadron is often gradually stopped, which allows the body time to adjust to not having this steroid.
Can Children Use It?
The majority of Decadron products are approved for use in children, except for the eye and ear products. It has been studied in children with some, but not all, of the conditions listed above. Long-term Decadron use may slow a child's growth. Therefore, children using Decadron for long periods of time should be monitored for stunted growth.
Can Older Adults Use It?
Decadron can be used in older adults; however, they may be more sensitive to some of the side effects of the drug. Older adults are usually started on lower Decadron doses, and may be monitored more closely during treatment.
Is Decadron Used for Off-Label Reasons?
On occasion, your healthcare provider may recommend this medicine for something other than the officially approved uses. This would be known as an "off-label
" use. Some of the possible off-label uses of Decadron include treatment of:
- Bone pain
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Prevention of altitude sickness
- Nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy
- Nausea and vomiting after surgery
- Respiratory distress syndrome in newborns.