Various Medicines Used for Alopecia Areata
Oral corticosteroids taken by mouth are oftentimes used as treatment for autoimmune diseases such as alopecia areata. However, oral corticosteroids may cause side effects such as hypertension (high blood pressure) and cataracts, which is why they are only used occasionally for alopecia areata treatment. If used, oral corticosteroids are only taken for short periods of time.
Ointments or creams containing steroids are less traumatic than injections. Therefore, topical (applied directly to the skin) ointments are the preferred treatment for children. However, corticosteroid ointments and creams alone are less effective than injections and they work best when combined with other topical treatments, such as minoxidil or anthralin.